Part III Listening Comprehension
Section A 短对话
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
W: What''s wrong with your phone, Gary? I tried to call you all night yesterday.
M: I''m sorry. No one''s able to get through yesterday. My telephone was disconnected by the phone company.
Q: What does the woman ask the man about?
W: I finally found a really nice apartment that''s within my price range.
M: Congratulations! Affordable housing is rare in this city. I''ve been looking for a suitable place since I got here six months ago.
Q: What does the man mean?
M: I got this in my mailbox today, but I don''t know what it is. Do you have any idea?
W: Oh, that''s your number for the new photocopier. It acquires an access code. Everyone got one.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
W: Jane told me that you''ll be leaving at soon. Is it true?
M: Yeah, my wife''s maternity leave is close to an end. And since she wants to go back to work, I''ve decided to take a year off to raise the baby.
Q: What does the man mean?
M: We''ll never find a parking space here. What about dropping you at thesouth gate and I''ll find parking somewhere else.
W: Well, OK. It looks like everyone in town came to the mall today.
Q: What does the woman mean?
W: When will the computers be back online?
M: Probably not until tomorrow. The problem is more complicated than I thought.
Q: What does the man mean?
M: Did you catch Professor Smith on TV last night?
W: I almost missed it, but my mother just happened to be watching at home and gave me a call.
Q: What does the woman imply?
M: May I get this prescription refilled?
W: I''m sorry, sir, but we can''t give you a refill on that. You''ll have to get a new prescription.
Q: What can we infer from the conversation?
W: Well, it’s the South Theater Company. They want to know if we’d be interested in sponsoring a tour they want to make to East Asia.
M: East Asia? uhh… and how much are they hoping to get from us?
W: Well, the letter mentions 20,000 pounds, but I don’t know if they might settle for us.
M: Do they say what they would cover? Have they anything specific in mind?
W: No, I think they are just asking all the firms in tongue for as much money as they think they’ll give.
M: And we are worth 20, 000 pounds, right?
W: It seems so.
M: Very flattering. But I am not awfully happy with the idea. What we get out of it?
W: Oh, good publicity I suppose. So what I suggest is not that we just give them a sum of money, but that we offer to pay for something specific like travel or something, and that in return, we ask for our name to be printed prominently in the program, and that they give us free advertising space in it.
M: But the travel bill would be enormous, and we could never manage that.
W: I know. But why don’t we offer to pay for the printing of the programs ourselves on condition that on the front cover there''s something like This program is presented with the compliments of Norland Electronics, and free advertising of course.
M: Good idea. Well, let’s get back to them and ask what the program they want will cost. Then we can see if we are interested or not.
Questions 19-21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. What do we learn about the South Theater Company?
20. What benefit does the woman say their firm can get by sponsoring the Theater Company?
21. What does the woman suggest they do instead of paying the South Theater Company’s travel expenses?
W: Rock stars now face a new hazard --- voice abuse. After last week''s announcement that Phil Collins might give up touring because live concerts are ruining his voice, doctors are counseling stars about the dos and don''ts of voice care. Here in the studio today, we have Mr. Paul Phillips, an expert from the High Field Hospital. Paul, what advice would you give to singers facing voice problems?
M: If pop singers have got voice problems, they really need to be more selective about where they work. They shouldn''t work in smoky atmospheres. They also need to think about resting their voices after a show. Something else they need to be careful about is medicines. Aspirin, for example, singers should avoid aspirin. It thins the blood. And if a singer coughs, this can result in the bruising of the vocal cords.
W: And is it true that some singers use drugs before concerts to boost their voices when they have voice problems?
M: Yes, this does happen on occasion. They are easily-available on the continent and they are useful if a singer has problems with his vocal cords and has to sing that night. But if they are taken regularly, they cause a thinning of the voice muscle. Most pop singers suffer from three things: lack of training, overuse and abuse of the voice, especially when they are young. They have difficult lives. When they go on tour, they do a vast number of concerts, singing in smoky places.
W: So, what would you advise the singers to do?
M: Warm you voice up before a show and warm it down after.
Questions 22-25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
22. What does last week''s announcement say about rock star, Phil Collins?
23. What does Paul Philips say about aspirin?
24. What does Paul Philips say about young pop singers?
25. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
Would you trust a robot to park your car? The question will confront New Yorkers in February as the city''s first robotic parking opens in Chinatown.
The technology has been successfully applied overseas, but the only other public robotic garage in the United States has been troublesome, dropping vehicles and trapping cars because of technical problems.
Nonetheless, the developers of the Chinatown garage are confident with the technology and are counting on it to squeeze 67 cars in an apartment-building basement that would otherwise fit only 24, accomplished by removing a maneuver space normally required.
A human-shaped robot won''t be stepping into your car to drive it. Rather, the garage itself does the parking. The driver stops the car on a flat platform and gets out. The platform is lowered into the garage, and it is then transported to a vacant parking space by a computer-controlled device similar to an elevator that also runs sideways.
There is no human supervision, but an attendant will be on hand to accept cash and explain the system to newly users. Parking rates will be attracted about $400 monthly or $25 per day, according to Ari Milstein, the director of planning for Automation Parking Systems, which is the U.S. subsidiary of a German company. This company has built automated garages in several countries overseas and in the United States for residents of a Washington, D.C. apartment building.
Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. What do we learn about the robot parking in the U.S. so far?
27. What advantage does robotic parking have according to the developers?
28. What does the attendant do in the automated garage?
29. What does the company say about the parking rate?
A recent study shows that meat consumption is one of the main ways that human can damage the environment, second only to the use of motor vehicles. So how can eating meat have a negative effect on the environment? For a start, all animals, such as cows, pigs and sheep, always gas limed methane, which is the second most common green house gas after carbon dioxide. Many environmental experts now believe that methane is more responsible for global warming than carbon dioxide. It is estimated that 25% of all methane that released into the atmosphere coming from farm animals. Another way in which meat production affects the environment is through the use of water and land. 2,500 gallons of water are needed to produce one pound of beef. While 20 gallons of water are need to produce one pound of wheat. One acre of farmland use to for raising cows can produce 250 pounds of beef. One acre of farmland use to for crop production can produce 1,500 pounds of tomatoes. Many people now say the benefits of switching to vegetarian diet which excludes meat and fish. Not just for health reasons, but also because it plays a vital role in protecting the environment. However, some nutritionists advise against switching to a totally strict vegetarian diet. They believe such a diet which includes no products from animal sources can be deficient in many of the necessary vitamins and minerals our bodies need. Today many people have come to realize that help the environment and for the human race to survive, more of us will need to become vegetarian.
Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you''ve just heard.
30. What does the recent study show?
31. What do some nutritionists say about the strict vegetarian diet?
32. What does the speaker think more people need to do?
Alcoholism is a serious disease. Nearly nine million Americans alone suffer from the illness. Many scientists disagree about what the differences are between the alcohol addict and social drinker. The difference occurs when someone needs to drink. And this need gets in the way of his health or behavior. Alcohol causes a loss of judgment and alertness. After a long period, alcoholism can deteriorate the liver, the brain and other parts of the body. The illness is dangerous, because it is involved in half of all automobile accidents. Another problem is that the victim often denies being an alcohol addict and won’t get help. Solutions do exist. Many hospitals and centers help patients cope. Without the assistance, the victim can destroy his life. He would detach himself from the routines of life. He may lose his employment, home or loved ones.
All the causes of the sickness are not discovered yet. There is no standard for a person with alcoholism. Victims range in age, race, sex and background. Some groups of people are more vulnerable to the illness. People from broken homes and North American Indians are two examples. People from broken homes often lack stable lives. Indians likewise had the traditional life taken from them by white settlers who often encourage them to consume alcohol to prevent them from fighting back. The problem has now been passed on. Alcoholism is clearly present in society today. People have started to get help and information. With proper assistance, victims can put their lives together one day.
Question 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Q33. What is the problem of the victims about alcoholism according to the speaker?
Q34. Why did white settlers introduce alcohol to Indians?
Q35. What does the speaker seem to believe about those affected by alcoholism?
Self-image is the picture you have of yourself, the sort of person you believe you are. Included in your self-image are the categories in which you place yourself, the roles you play and other similar descriptors you use to identify yourself. If you tell an acquaintance you are a grandfather who recently lost his wife and who does volunteer work on weekends, several elements of your self-image are bought to light — the roles of grandparent, widower and conscientious citizen.
But self-image is more than how you picture yourself; it also involves how others see you. Three types of feedback from others are indicative of how they see us: conformation, rejection, and disconfirmation. Conformation occurs when others treat you in a manner consistent with who you believe you are.You believe you have leadership abilities and your boss put you in charge of a new work team. On the other hand, rejection occurs when others treat you in a manner that is inconsistent with yourself definition. Pierre Salinger was appointed senator from California but subsequently lost his first election. He thought he was a good public official, but the voters obviously thought otherwise— Their vote was inconsistent with his self-concept. The third type of feedback is disconfirmation, which occurs when others fail to respond to your notion of self by responding neutrally. A student writes what he thinks is an excellent composition, but the teacher writes no encouraging remarks. Rather than relying on how others classify you, consider how you identify yourself. The way in which you identify yourself is the best refection of yourself-image.
Self-image is the picture you have of yourself, the sort of person you believe you are. _______ in your self-image are the _______ in which you place yourself, the roles you play and other _______ descriptors you use to identify yourself. If you tell an _______ you are a grandfather who _______ lost his wife and who does _______ work on weekends, several elements of your self-image are bought to light — the roles of grandparent, widower and conscientious _______.
But self-image is more than how you picture yourself; it also involves how others see you. Three types of feedback from others are _______ of how they see us: conformation, rejection, and disconfirmation. Conformation occurs when others treat you in a manner consistent with who you believe you are. (44)____________________________________________________________. On the other hand, rejection occurs when others treat you in a manner that is inconsistent with yourself definition. Pierre Salinger was appointed senator from California but subsequently lost his first election. (45)_____________________________________________________ — Their vote was inconsistent with his self-concept. The third type of feedback is disconfirmation, which occurs when others fail to respond to your notion of self by responding neutrally. (46)___________________________________________________________________________. Rather than relying on how others classify you, consider how you identify yourself. The way in which you identify yourself is the best refection of yourself-image.
44. You believe you have leadership abilities and your boss put you in charge of a new work team
45. He thought he was a good public official, but the voters obviously thought otherwise
46. A student writes what he thinks is an excellent composition, but the teacher writes no encouraging remarks
【解析】be indicative of为固定搭配，表示“暗示……，表明……”
【答案】You believe you have leadership abilities and your boss put you in charge of a new work team
【解析】本句关键词为leadership abilities和in charge of，in charge of含义为“负责，主管”，根据上下文不难听出整个句子。
【答案】He thought he was a good public official, but the voters obviously thought otherwise
【答案】A student writes what he thinks is an excellent composition, but the teacher writes no encouraging remarks
【解析】本句关键词为excellent composition和encouraging remarks，句间为转折关系，encouraging含义为“令人鼓舞的，使有信心的”。